Organization of the National Assembly
Section 2. Organization of the National Assembly
The National Assembly shall appoint ordinary and special Standing Committees. The Standing Committees, which shall be no more than 15 in number, shall relate to sectors of national activity. The National Assembly shall also have the power to create Committees of temporary nature for purposes of research and study, all of the foregoing in accordance with the applicable Regulations. The National Assembly shall have the power to create or abolish Standing Committees by the favorable vote of two thirds of the members of the Assembly. Leader of first chamber
The National Assembly shall elect among its members one President and two Vice-Presidents, as well as one Secretary and an Undersecretary, not member of the Assembly, for a term of one year. The Regulations shall establish the methods for filling temporary and permanent vacancies.
While the Assembly is in recess, a Delegated Committee consisting of the President, the Vice-President and the Presidents of the Standing Committees shall be in session. Standing committees
The following are powers of the Delegated Committee: Extraordinary legislative sessions
- To call the National Assembly into extraordinary session, when the importance of any matter so demands.
- To authorize the President of the Republic to leave the territory of Venezuela.
- To authorize the National Executive to order additional appropriations. Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1999 (rev. 2009) Page 43constituteproject.org PDF generated: 27 Apr 2022, 10:50
- To designate temporary Committees consisting of members of the Assembly.
- To execute investigations functions ascribed to the Assembly.
- By a two thirds vote of its members, to authorize the National Executive to create, modify or suspend public services in the event of a proven emergency.
- Any others established by the Constitution or by law.
Section Three. Deputies of the National Assembly
Deputies of the National Assembly, are obligated to work on a full- time basis for the benefit of the people’s interest, and to stay in constant contact with their constituents, heeding these opinions and suggestions and keeping them informed about its individual and Assembly Management. They shall render in an annual accounting of its management to the constituents in the jurisdiction from which they were elected, and shall be subject to recall by referendum as provided for under this Constitution and the applicable law.
A Deputy of the National Assembly who is recalled shall not be eligible for any public elective office during the following term of office.
Deputies of the National Assembly are not liable for votes and opinions expressed in the performance of their official functions. They shall be answerable to voters and to the legislative entity only as provided for under the Constitution and Regulations. Immunity of legislators
Deputies of the National Assembly shall enjoy immunity in the exercise of their functions from the time of their installation until the end of their term or resignation. Only the Supreme Tribunal of Justice shall have competence over any crimes may be charged as committed by members of the National Assembly, and only the Supreme Tribunal of Justice, subject to authorization in advance from the National Assembly, shall have the power to order their arrest and prosecution. In the case of a flagrant offense committed by a legislator, the competent authority shall place such legislator under house arrest and immediately notify the Supreme Tribunal of Justice of such event. Public officials who violate the immunity of members of the National Assembly shall incur criminal liability and shall be punished in accordance with law.
Deputies are representatives of the people and of the States taken together, they are not subject to mandates or instructions, but only to their own consciences. Their vote in the National Assembly is personal.