Part 1

The Union And Its Territory Icon

Article 1. Name and territory of the Union.

India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.

The territory of India shall comprise:

  • the territories of the States
  • other territories as may be acquired.

Article 2. Admission or establishment of new States

Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.

Article 3. Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

Parliament may by law:

  • form a new State by:
    • separating territory from any State
    • uniting 2 or more States or parts of States
    • uniting any territory to a part of any State
  • increase or decrease the area of any State
  • change any State’s boundaries or name

Article 4. Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters

  1. Any law referred to in article 2 or article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule
  • Subs. by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 2, for cl. (2) (w.e.f. 1-11-1956).
  • Subs. by ibid., for sub-clause (b).
  • Ins. by the Constitution (Thirty-fifth Amendment) Act, 1974, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-3-1975).
  • Subs. by the Constitution (Fifth Amendment) Act, 1955, s. 2, for the proviso (w.e.f. 24-12-1955).
  • The words and letter “specified in Part A or Part B of the First Schedule” omitted by the Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act, 1956, s. 29 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-11-1956).
  • Ins. by the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 1966, s. 2 (w.e.f. 27-8-1966). as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions as to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law) as Parliament may deem necessary.
  1. No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

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